[Tex/LaTex] Why are Bitmap-Fonts used automatically

font-encodingsfontspixelated

I have the following LaTeX-document:

\documentclass[a4paper,11pt]{article}
\usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}
\usepackage[ngerman]{babel}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}

\title{Sample}
\author{Litb}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\begin{abstract}
This is a report about my praxis phase at the company foo bar which I enjoyed.
\end{abstract}

\end{document}


Much to my frustration, compiling with pdflatex creates a document with Bitmap-fonts. The reader's font-list shows that it uses Type3 fonts.

If I remove the fontenc loading, then I get a PDF using vector-fonts, but I heard that I should keep it, for having native German Umlauts working.

Does anyone know how I can get vector fonts with T1, and why it keeps using bitmap fonts if I have that package-load line in it?

The standard Computer Modern fonts are in OT1 encoding, so when you request T1 font encoding bitmap fonts are used. Install the package cm-super to get Computer Modern fonts with T1 support.
There's no change in your document needed. Just install cm-super using the MiKTeX Package Manager or the TeX Live Manager. The package manager will update the font map files for you. Then recompile.
\usepackage{lmodern}