[Tex/LaTex] When should I use \input vs. \include


There are two different commands to incorporate another file into the source of some document, \input and \include. When should I use one or the other? What are the differences between them? Are there more things like them to be aware of?

Best Answer

\input{filename} imports the commands from filename.tex into the target file; it's equivalent to typing all the commands from filename.tex right into the current file where the \input line is.

\include{filename} essentially does a \clearpage before and after \input{filename}, together with some magic to switch to another .aux file, and omits the inclusion at all if you have an \includeonly without the filename in the argument. This is primarily useful when you have a big project on a slow computer; changing one of the include targets won't force you to regenerate the outputs of all the rest.

\include{filename} gets you the speed bonus, but it also can't be nested, can't appear in the preamble, and forces page breaks around the included text.