[Tex/LaTex] Table and Figure Caption Citation Problem


When I build a LaTeX code, the references to figures and tables labels are not recognized, so latex builder prints "?" in the place. And simplifying the entire text I found out that even the simple dummy document

    Some text cites Table \cite{whatever}

    \caption{my caption}\label{whatever}

generates this:

Some text cites Table [?]

Table 1: my caption


I'm using MiKTeX 2.4-64 for a couple of months, but I do not remember getting this type of errors with past versions MiKTeX versions. Would someone have a clue on how to fix this?

Best Answer

After processing your document, you will receive the following warning:

LaTeX Warning: Citation `whatever' on page 1 undefined on input line 3.

which gives you a hint about the cause of the problem: you are using \cite and you should be using \ref instead (the output [?] also indicates that a citation was incorrectly expected). Simply replace:

Some text cites Table \cite{whatever}


Some text cites Table~\ref{whatever}

\cite is for bibliographical citations.