[Tex/LaTex] \mid, | (vertical bar), \vert, \lvert, \rvert, \divides


What's the difference between the different vertical bars?

$S = \{\, x \mid x \not= 17 \,\}$
$a \vert b$ implies $a \leq b$ when $b \ne 0$
$a|b$ implies $a \leq b$ when $b \ne 0$
$\lvert x \rvert$ is always non-negative

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Are all of these uses correct?

Best Answer

According to texdoc symbols:

\mvert and \mid are identical and produce a relation. \vert is a synonym for | and both produce the same symbol, but should be used in the context of an ordinal, and should be used as an operator, not as a delimiter (p54, bottom). \divides once again produces the same symbol but should be used as a binary “divides” operator.

\lvert and \rvert are left and right delimiters, respectively.