[Tex/LaTex] How to use algorithmicx package


I found the algorithmicx package on this page, and tried to compile this example from the pdf file.


\caption{Euclid’s algorithm}\label{euclid}
\Procedure{Euclid}{$a,b$}\Comment{The g.c.d. of a and b}
   \State $r\gets a\bmod b$
   \While{$r\not=0$}\Comment{We have the answer if r is 0}
      \State $a\gets b$
      \State $b\gets r$
      \State $r\gets a\bmod b$
   \State \textbf{return} $b$\Comment{The gcd is b}


With pdflatex example.tex, I got this error.

! LaTeX Error: Environment algorithm undefined.

What's wrong with this?

Best Answer

You need to remove


and use the following in your preamble:

\usepackage{algorithm}% http://ctan.org/pkg/algorithms
\usepackage{algpseudocode}% http://ctan.org/pkg/algorithmicx

The reason for this is because the algorithmicx package provides (in addition to just defining the algorithmic environment through algorithmicx.sty) a bundle of style files with predefined macros (like \Procedure, \Comment, etc), including algpseudocode.sty. See the package documentation (section 2.1 The package for more on this).

One thing the algorithmicx package does not define is the floating algorithm environment. That is provided by the algorithms bundle. Hence the requirement to include that as well.