# [Tex/LaTex] Amplifying fractions

formattingfractionsmacrosmath-mode

I want to make myself a math portofolio (as a quick reference) and I have a part where I have to 'amplify' a fraction like here:

But I don't know how can I do this thing, can you help me? Thank you.

Edit: The "4)" in the upper left-hand corner means "amplify", the process of expanding both numerator and denominator by explicitly stating the value indicated as a multiplication factor. Similarly, a "(4" in the upper right-hand corner means "simplify", or merge the separate values in the numerator and denominator to a single value.

You should define a set of custom markup commands (see [1], [2]) for those fraction types, where you employ the xcolor package and the \prescript command from mathtools to do the needed formatting:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathtools,xcolor}

\newcommand{\coloredfrac}[3][red]{%
\frac{\color{#1}#2}{\color{#1}#3}
}

\newcommand{\ampfrac}[3]{%
\prescript{#1}{}{\frac{#2}{#3}}
}

\newcommand{\simpfrac}[3]{%
\frac{#2}{#3}^{#1}
}

\begin{document}
$\ampfrac{4)}{1}{2}=\coloredfrac{1\cdot 4}{2\cdot 4}=\simpfrac{(4}{4}{8}$
\end{document}

Regarding your request for a more sophisticated coloring macro that is able to color the numerator and the denominator indipendantly you could define:

\newcommand\coloredfrac{\kernel@ifnextchar[{\coloredfrac@}{\coloredfrac@[red]}}
\def\coloredfrac@[#1]{\kernel@ifnextchar[{\coloredfrac@@[#1]}{\coloredfrac@@[#1][#1]}}
\def\coloredfrac@@[#1][#2]#3#4{%
\frac{\color{#1}#3}{\color{#2}#4}
}

\coloredfrac can now be called

• without optional arguments to get a colored fraction in the default color, which is red in this example
• with one optional argument that sets the color for both, the numerator and the denominator
• with two optional arguments; the first one for the color of the numerator and the second one for the color of the denominator

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathtools,xcolor}

\makeatletter
\newcommand\coloredfrac{\kernel@ifnextchar[{\coloredfrac@}{\coloredfrac@[red]}}% default value: red
\def\coloredfrac@[#1]{\kernel@ifnextchar[{\coloredfrac@@[#1]}{\coloredfrac@@[#1][#1]}}
\def\coloredfrac@@[#1][#2]#3#4{%
\frac{\color{#1}#3}{\color{#2}#4}
}
\makeatother

%\newcommand{\ampfrac}[3]{%
%  \prescript{#1}{}{\frac{#2}{#3}}
%}

%\newcommand{\simpfrac}[3]{%
%  \frac{#2}{#3}^{#1}
%}

\begin{document}
$\coloredfrac{1}{2}=\coloredfrac[green]{2}{4}=\coloredfrac[green][blue]{4}{8}$
\end{document}