I would like to place a subscript under two summation signs in a fraction, in an equation. The code showed works when it is not in a fraction, but as soon as I use it in a fraction the subscript is placed after the two summation signs, instead of under the two summation signs.

```
\begin{equation} \frac{{\sum\sum\limits}_{i \neq j}
\sum\limits_{x}\sum\limits_{y}[\pi_{x(i),y(j)} -
\pi_{x(i)}\pi_{y(j)}]} {\sigma^2_X}
\end{equation}
```

Does anyone know how to solve this?

## Best Answer

You need to enclose the two summation symbols in

`\mathop{}`

and then place`\limits`

after that.