# [Tex/LaTex] “direct” quotations and “entire paragraph” quotations

citingquoting

I need two types of citations which I have not figured out how to define:

(see highlighted in grey)

1) As Owens stated (2008, p.97), ‘the value of...’

2) Simone de Beauvoir (1972, p.365) examined her own past and wrote
rather gloomily:

The past is not a peaceful landscape lying there behind me, a country in which I
can stroll wherever I please, and will gradually show me all its secret hills and
dates. As I was moving forward, so it was crumbling.


I am confused about how to use \begin{quotation} or similar machineries (quote|quotation|verse|etc.) to define quotes/quotations, etc.

I use natbib (this might be irrelevant).

I would normally define a quote as \begin{quote}...\end{quote} but I find the lack of association between the quoted text and the actual bibliographic reference strange.

I don't know how to format a simple, in-text, quotation other than blah' for single smart quotes and “blah'' for double smart quotes.

Again, the fact that I am putting a "quote object" inside some flowing text and I am not associating it, even in a hidden way, with the bibliography database sounds strange to me.

I would find this more natural: \shortquote[BibTeX:Reference][singlesmart]{Aha!}, or something to that effect.
Any help would be greatly appreciated.

As far as I can tell, your question is really about how to quote material -- either inline, with other text, or as a block quote. The fact that the material to be quoted comes from a specific cited source is peripheral to the issue, I believe.

• To quote a fairly short string -- whether a single word, a few words, or an entire sentence -- inline, you just surround it by the quotation marks that are appropriate for the language and region you're writing for. For example, in US English it's common to surround inline-quoted material with double back-quotes and double (forward) quotes, as in

  she said, Hello.''


In UK English, it's more common to use single (back and forward) quotes. In other languages, other quotation mark styles prevail.

• If there's a chance that your document will get translated in several languages, you may wish to familiarize yourself with the csquotes package and its \enquote command: Depending on the language specified as an option when this package is loaded, the language-specific (and, if applicable, region-specific) inline quotation sytle will be set up for you automatically.
• To typeset longer quoted material, especially if it's longer than a sentence, it's common to use either the quote or quotation environment. The latter is recommended if you're block-quoting more than one paragraph.

• I should add that the styles of these two environments satisfy US-English typographic conventions but may not be perfect for other typographic systems. Again, the csquotes package can be of service, as it provides the \blockquote` command to implement a block-quotation style that's tailored towards your language.