# [Physics] Why does the Pascal’s barrel experiment need a tall column of water

classical-mechanicsexperimental-physicsfluid-staticspressure

This question is based on the content of this video .

The experiment consists of putting a tall, thin column of liquid on top of a barrel filled with water, so that the pressure caused by the large amount of liquid on top of the small area of the base of the column explodes the barrel.

However, one could argue that you could put the same amount of water on a funnnel above the barrel instead of on a column, since you'd have the same weight of water over the same area, thus having the same pressure without needing to install a tall tube.

The video then explains why this isn't the case, using a column and a funnel filled with water and a scale.

Despite the funnel having much more water than the column, both containers balance with 50 grams on the scale. The explanation given is that only the water directly above the base counts, since the rest of the water exerts a force on the walls of the funnel, which in turn exerts a force back on the water, cancelling its weight.

So here is my question: wouldn't the force that the water exerts on the walls of the funnel also transfer to the scale, through the rim on the base of the funnel? I think this doesn't happen on the demostration because the arm of the support of the funnel receives this weight instead of the scale.

But if that were the case, wouldn't the funnel work on Pascal's barrel, since there would be no support for the funnel? Maybe the rim of the barrel in contact with the rim of the funnel would play this same role, but I'm not sure. Thanks for your help!