[Physics] Is heat added to an air bubble rising in water


An air bubble was initially released from the bottom of an ocean. Assume that the air in the air bubble is an ideal gas and its temperature remains constant at 25 degrees Celsius. Is heat added or removed from the air bubble as the bubble rises?

My reasoning is that since total internal energy, $U \propto T$, the total internal energy must have remained constant. But from the laws of thermodynamics, $U = W + Q$. Since $pv = nRT$ remains constant, no work is done on the bubble and hence $W = 0$. It follows that $Q$ must be equals to $0$, i.e. heat is neither removed nor added to the air bubble.

Is my reasoning sound?

Best Answer

If the air in the bubble is expanding, the gas should be doing work against the ocean, and the temperature should drop(in the case of adiabatic expansion). Since the temperature is said to remain constant, heat must be added to the bubble.

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