[Physics] Example of reversible isochoric process for an ideal gas

ideal-gasreversibilitythermodynamics

I’ve seen many books considering reversible isochoric processes performed by an ideal gas. But is that possible?

Suppose I’ve a general isochoric process going from A to B, suppose I’m having a decrease of internal energy so that $$\Delta U = Q < 0$$, so I’m letting $Q$ get out of my system, now let’s take this process in the opposite direction, I’m having that heat spontaneously flow from the sorroundings to my system , against the second law . This works also if the process is quasi-static. Can someone show me an example of an isochoric process that can be reversed?

Best Answer

To cool a gas reversibly, what you do is put the gas into contact with not just one, but with a sequence of constant temperature reservoirs, each one at a slightly lower (i.e., differentially lower) temperature than the one before. This allows both the gas and the sequence of reservoirs to experience a reversible change.

To reverse the process, you just reverse the sequence. That would consist of exchanging heat from the reservoirs to the gas, in sequence. The only difference here would be for the very first and very last reservoirs. But, in the limit of infinitesimal changes, this difference would become negligible, (and both the gas and the reservoirs will have been returned to their original states, without affecting the state of anything else).

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