[Math] Show that if AB+CD=AD+BC then the quadrilateral $ABCD$ is tangential


Consider a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ . Show that the quadrilateral $ABCD$ is tangential if and only:$AB+CD=AD+BC$

Best Answer

Theorem:We know that in any tangential quadrilateral $ABCD$ we have $AB+CD=AD+BC$


lemma:The tangents that we draw from a point to a circle is equal.

enter image description here

because two triangles are equal tangents are equal too.

Using this lemma we can proof this theorem like this picture.

enter image description here

Now we want to proof the opposite of the theorem:

Think that The theorem holds and $ABCD$ isn't tangential then follow this picture:

enter image description here

according to the picture $AB'CD$ is tangential then we have:

$c+AB'=d+CB'$also we have $a+c=b+d$ from if we subtract the second one from the first one we have:$BB'=b-CB'$ and then $BB'+CB'=b$.Using the inequality of triangle we can know it never happens because:

enter image description here

Because the equality is false our assumption is false too.Then we can know $ABCD$ is tangential.

Related Question