# Solved – Interpreting SPSS mixed linear model output

fixed-effects-modelmixed modelspss

I have a problem interpreting the output of the mixed model procedure in SPSS. I found a couple of threads dealing with similar problems, but none helped me solve it.
I have a 2×2 repeated measures crossover design with two fixed factors (medication (A/B) and genotype (A/B)) and a random factor (timepoint (1/2)).

As I understand it, the output for the fixed effects is the general influence of the factors over all subgroups and the parameter estimates test the differences between levels. As I only have two levels for all my factors of interest the output should provide information about the difference between all levels from one that is used as 'baseline'.

This is the output:

Fixed effects Typ IIIa
source      df  df      F       p
Const       1   2,798   1753    0,000
gen*med     1   30,945  0,988   0,328
genotype    1   31,329  4,564   0,041
medication  1   30,953  12,886  0,001
a. Dependent variable: RT.

Parameter estimates
Parameter           est             sd      df      t       p       conf. int. 95 %
constant            385,695463  10,256203   4,450   37,606  0,000   358,320557  413,070370
[med=B] * [gen=A]   -6,220872   8,462102    40,021  -0,735  0,467   -23,323140  10,881395
[med=A] * [gen=A]   -19,875937  8,460116    39,989  -2,349  0,024   -36,974613  -2,777261
[med=B] * [gen=B]   7,742406    4,340784    30,949  1,784   0,084   -1,111266   16,596079
[med=A] * [gen=B]   0b  0   .   .   .   .   .
[gen=A] 0b  0   .   .   .   .   .
[gen=B] 0b  0   .   .   .   .   .
[med=B] 0b  0   .   .   .   .   .
[med=A] 0b  0   .   .   .   .   .

The questions are: is it correct to interpret this output as that there is a difference between medication(A) in genotype(A) compared to medication(A) in genotype(B)?
If that is the case then I do not understand how to compare the effect of medication within genotype(A). Am I doing something wrong?
I assume this output is correct for multiple comparisons. Is that correct?

The code is:

MIXED RT BY genotype medication timepoint
/FIXED=genotype*medication genotype medication | SSTYPE(3)
/METHOD=ML
/PRINT=SOLUTION
/RANDOM=timepoint | COVTYPE(VC)
/REPEATED=medication*timepoint | SUBJECT(id) COVTYPE(CS).

I would really appreciate if someone could help here 🙂